帶媽媽去旅行 第二章 新堡(Newcastle)

第二天一早,我們租完車,就離開雪梨,第一站新堡(音譯紐卡索),當天中午就抵達新堡,入住YHA,新堡的YHA應該是這趟旅程住過最好的YHA之一,因為有所謂的YHA家庭套裝,所以這趟旅程筆者都是預定這樣的家庭房,平均一人只要三十到四十澳幣,在澳洲這高消費的地方,確實是很划算。

把行李放在YHA後,我們決定去新堡的海岸線走走。

Newcastle

紐卡索(Newcastle)是澳大利亞第六大城市和本州歷史第二悠久的城市,且是新南威爾斯州第二大城市。全城圍繞著一個龐大的海港而建,紐卡索是位於亨特河口,是澳大利亞最大的在使用的港口之一,距離雪梨約2.5小時車程。紐卡索港是全球最大的煤炭出口碼頭,煤炭出口占港口噸位吞吐總量的90%以上,每年處理超過10萬公噸煤炭,大部分出口至中國和日本。 by wiki

Newcastle

南郊有澳大利亞最大的濱海湖——麥覺理湖(Lake Macquarie),北部是以衝浪聞名的海港史蒂芬港(Port Stephen’s),西部是具有百年歷史的產酒聖地-獵人谷(Hunter Valley)。 城市內擁有全澳排名前十大的紐卡索大學。體育運動方面,城市擁有一支澳大利亞足球甲級聯賽球隊——紐卡索噴射機。by wiki

Newcastle市區地圖。

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沿著海岸都是貝殼。

Newcastle

我我決定讓我乾媽和媽嚐嚐看澳洲的傳統食物,不意外,我媽很不喜歡。

Newcastle

豌豆馬鈴薯泥肉派 8.5AUD

這味道筆者已經吃習慣,但筆者媽就是一臉不屑。

Newcastle

大亨堡,10.5 AUD

份量很大,但不是很好吃,麵包下也有碗豆泥。

Newcastle

最有名的炸魚薯條。 11 AUD

Newcastle

海岸線上有很多餐廳,咖啡館。

Newcastle

遠方可挑望到燈塔。

Newcastle

當筆者爬上這個挑望台時很不幸的事情發生了!筆者的單眼相機居然沒電,還好有gopro先頂著用一下,單是想當然的品質不會很好。

Newcastle

DCIM100GOPROGOPR4681.
從這邊開始都適用gopro拍的。
DCIM100GOPROGOPR4675.
用gopro拍的缺點就是怎麼拍都是魚眼的感覺,照片沒有矯正也無法使用。 這是新堡的港口全景。
DCIM100GOPROGOPR4669.
新堡市區的建築。
DCIM100GOPROGOPR4668.
挑望台的階梯
DCIM100GOPROGOPR4683.
離開挑望台後可以由天橋走到市區。

回到旅館,換顆電池,我們就出發到Bogey Hole,筆者要用最短的時間把澳洲介紹給兩個娘。

Newcastle

Bogey Hole一景,不解釋。

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Bogey Hole這時候很可惜的不能進去,因為坍方周圍被圍起來了!

NewcastleNewcastle

離開Bogey Hole往上走。

Newcastle

bathers way

Newcastle

Stretching from the commanding lighthouse at Nobbys Headland to the coastal wilderness of Glenrock Reserve and the early coal workings at Burwood Beach, Newcastle’s Bathers Way is a scenic five kilometre coastal walk waiting for you to discover, play, swim and eat any way you choose.  by tripadvisor

Newcastle

Take two hours to walk the path or a month of Sundays to experience it all.

Engaging tales of Newcastle’s indigenous and convict heritage, culture and natural history weave their way along the track. Look for the yellow information signs that are the storytellers, helping you navigate the Bathers Way. by tripadvisor

Newcastle

Sizzling barbecues set the scene for the perfect picnic lunch, enjoyed in one of the tree lined parks along the way.  by tripadvisor

Newcastle

For a gourmet delight, venture off the track and to nearby Darby Street, The Junction or the City Centre to sip on coffee and soak up the cafe culture till late. by tripadvisor

Newcastle

再來我們來到新堡的港口

Newcastle

前方是警察的船隻

Newcastle

港口景色

Newcastle

晚餐我們決定就不在外面吃,因為兩位老媽對澳洲食物興致缺缺,我決定帶他們去澳洲超市買食材,回去旅館煮。

乾媽愛上澳洲冰咖啡dare,這也是筆者最愛的澳洲咖啡。

Newcastle

Woolworths是澳洲最大的連鎖超市之一。

Newcastle

回到市區,我們決定在市區走一走,明天一早就要出發到多里戈。

Newcastle

市區的介紹我就轉載維基百科對新堡的介紹。

In September 1797 Lieutenant John Shortland became the first European to explore the area. His discovery of the area was largely accidental; as he had been sent in search of a number of convicts who had seized HMS Cumberland as she was sailing from Sydney Cove. While returning, Lt. Shortland entered what he later described as “a very fine river”, which he named after New South Wales’ Governor John Hunter.[10] He returned with reports of the deep-water port and the area’s abundant coal. Over the next two years, coal mined from the area was the New South Wales colony’s first export.[10] Newcastle gained a reputation as a “hellhole” as it was a place where the most dangerous convicts were sent to dig in the coal mines as harsh punishment for their crimes.[10] By the start of the 19th century the mouth of the Hunter River was being visited by diverse groups of men, including coal diggers, timber-cutters, and more escaped convicts. Philip Gidley King, the Governor of New South Wales from 1800, decided on a more positive approach to exploit the now obvious natural resources of the Hunter Valley. by wiki

Newcastle

In 1801, a convict camp called King’s Town (named after Governor King) was established to mine coal and cut timber. In the same year, the first shipment of coal was dispatched to Sydney. This settlement closed less than a year later. Christ Church Cathedral still dominates the skyline of Newcastle. A settlement was again attempted in 1804, as a place of secondary punishment for unruly convicts. The settlement was named Coal River, also Kingstown and then renamed Newcastle, after England’s famous coal port. by wiki

Newcastle

The name first appeared by the commission issued by Governor King on 15 March 1804 to Lieutenant Charles Menzies of the marine detachment on HMS Calcutta, then at Port Jackson, appointing him superintendent of the new settlement.The new settlement, comprising convicts and a military guard, arrived at the Hunter River on 27 March 1804 in three ships: HMS Lady Nelson, the Resource and the James.The convicts were rebels from the 1804 Castle Hill convict rebellion. The link with Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, its namesake and also whence many of the 19th century coal miners came, is still obvious in some of the place-names – such as Jesmond, Hexham, Wickham, Wallsend and Gateshead. Morpeth, New South Wales is a similar distance north of Newcastle as Morpeth, Northumberland is north of Newcastle upon Tyne.  by wiki

Newcastle

Under Captain James Wallis, commandant from 1815 to 1818, the convicts’ conditions improved, and a building boom began. Captain Wallis laid out the streets of the town, built the first church of the site of the present Christ Church Anglican Cathedral, erected the old gaol on the seashore, and began work on the breakwater which now joins Nobbys Head to the mainland. The quality of these first buildings was poor, and only (a much reinforced) breakwater survives.  by wiki

Newcastle

During this period, in 1816, the oldest public school in Australia was built in East Newcastle.Newcastle remained a penal settlement until 1822, when the settlement was opened up to farming. As a penal colony, the military rule was harsh, especially at Limeburners’ Bay, on the inner side of Stockton peninsula. There, convicts were sent to burn oyster shells for making lime.Military rule in Newcastle ended in 1823. Prisoner numbers were reduced to 100 (most of these were employed on the building of the breakwater), and the remaining 900 were sent to Port Macquarie. by wiki

Newcastle

這應該是我住過最漂亮的YHA

Newcastle

筆者老媽超喜歡這個建築風格。

Newcastle

After removal of the last convicts in 1823, the town was freed from the infamous influence of the penal law. It began to acquire the aspect of a typical Australian pioneer settlement, and a steady flow of free settlers poured into the hinterland. The formation during the nineteenth century of the Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company saw the establishment of regular steamship services from Morpeth and Newcastle with Sydney.  by wiki

Newcastle

The company had a fleet of freighters as well as several fast passenger vessels, including the PS Newcastle and the PS Namoi. The Namoi had first-class cabins with the latest facilities. Because of the coal supply, small ships plied between Newcastle and Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne and Adelaide, carrying coal to gas works and bunkers for shipping, and railways. These were commonly known as “sixty-milers”, referring to the nautical journey between Newcastle and Sydney. These ships continued in service until recent times.  by wiki

Newcastle

During World War II, Newcastle was an important industrial centre for the Australian war effort. Consequently, it was considered to be a potential Japanese target during the Second World War. In the early hours of 8 June 1942, the Japanese submarine I-21 briefly shelled Newcastle. Among the areas hit within the city were dockyards, the steel works, Parnell Place in the city’s now affluent East End, the breakwall and Art Deco ocean baths. There were no casualties in the attack and damage was minimal. by wiki

Newcastle

The Port of Newcastle remains the economic and trade centre for the resource rich Hunter Valley and for much of the north and northwest of New South Wales. Newcastle is the world’s largest coal export port and Australia’s oldest and second largest tonnage throughput port, with over 3,000 shipping movements handling cargo of 95.8 Mt per annum, of which coal exports represented 90.8 Mt in 2008–09. The volume of coal exported, and attempts to increase coal exports, are opposed by environmental groups. by wiki

Newcastle

Newcastle has a small shipbuilding industry, which has declined since the 1970s.[21] In recent years the only major ship-construction contract awarded to the area was the construction of the Huon class minehunters.[22] The era of extensive heavy industry passed when the steel works closed in 1999. Many of the remaining manufacturing industries have located themselves well away from the city itself. Newcastle has one of the oldest theatre districts in Australia. Victoria Theatre on Perkins Street is the oldest purpose-built theatre in the country. The theatre district that occupied the area around what is now the Hunter Street Mall vanished during the 1940s. by wikiNewcastle

The old city centre has seen some new apartments and hotels built in recent years, but the rate of commercial and retail occupation remains low while alternate suburban centres have become more important. The CBD itself is shifting to the west, towards the major urban renewal area known as “Honeysuckle”. This renewal, to run for another 10 years, is a major part of arresting the shift of business and residents to the suburbs. Commercial renewal has been accompanied by cultural renaissance.  by wiki

Newcastle

There is a vibrant arts scene in the city including a highly regarded art gallery,and an active Hunter Writers’ Centre  Recent fictional representations (for example Antoinette Eklund’s ‘Steel River’) present a new vision of the city, using the city’s historic past as a backdrop for contemporary fiction. The old central business district, located at Newcastle’s eastern end, still has a considerable number of historic buildings, dominated by Christ Church Cathedral, seat of the Anglican Bishop of Newcastle. Other noteworthy buildings include Fort Scratchley, the Ocean Baths, the old Customs House, the 1920s City Hall, the 1890s Longworth Institute (once regarded as the finest building in the colony) and the 1930s art deco University House (formerly NESCA House, seen in the film Superman Returns). by wiki

Newcastle

筆者看到的婚紗攝影公司,忍不住偷拍一張。

Newcastle

這種婚紗攝影公司真的還算蠻有特色的!

Newcastle

回到旅館,對面的公園吵吵鬧鬧的,原來是有公開的表演。

Newcastle

這就是澳洲人最真實的生活。

Newcastle

今天在短暫新堡的旅程就在這畫下句點。

待續

Newcastle

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